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Taxila or Takshashila was an ancient city in what is now northwestern Pakistan. It is an important archaeological site and in 1980, was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Its ruins lie near modern Taxila, in Punjab, Pakistan, about 35km northwest of Rawalpindi.Taxila was situated at the pivotal junction of South Asia and Central Asia. Its origin as a city goes back to. Some ruins at Taxila date to the time of the Achaemenid Empire in the 6th century BCE, followed successively by Mauryan, Indo-Greek, Indo-Scythian, and Kushan periods. Owing to its strategic location, Taxila has changed hands many times over the centuries, with many empires vying for its control. When the great ancient trade routes connecting these regions ceased to be important, the city sank into insignificance and was finally destroyed by the nomadic Hunas in the 5th century. The archaeologist Alexander Cunningham rediscovered the ruins of Taxila in the mid-19th century.Taxila was a centre of learning and is considered by some to have been one of the earliest universities in the world. Others do not consider it a university in the modern sense, in that the teachers living there may not have had official membership of particular colleges, and there did not seem to have existed purpose-built lecture halls and residential quarters in Taxila, in contrast to the later Nalanda university in eastern India.Plan your tour of Taxila and Pakistan travel itinerary using our Pakistan trip planner.
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Top Taxila tours
$120 BOOK WITH VIATOR From Islamabad: Full Day Guided Taxila Ruins Exploration Tour
Duration: 8 hours
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$1,050 BOOK WITH VIATOR Cherry Blossoms Trip to Northern Areas of Pakistan 2020 (8D 7N)
Duration: 8 days
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